ESA spent 25 percent more on lobbying in 2008 than it did in 2007, up to a record $4,233,864.50 for the year.
In the fourth quarter, the US industry body spent a total of $1,137,500, which breaks down to $980,000 on direct efforts and $157,000 for the services of four firms.
Spending in the latter half-year saw a 36.1 percent increase over the previous 12 months.
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